Research

The image above represents the expertise, skills and passion of our members. They cover a vast array of research areas, from computational genomics to inpatient hyperglycemia prevention, islet biology to vascular therapeutics, stem-cell-based high content screening to adipogenesis, and novel obesity provider platforms to diabetes technologies. By bringing all of these skills and passions into the same conversation, we can make a difference in metabolic disease.

Openings for Postdoctoral Positions

Several postdoctoral positions are available at the Weill Center for Metabolic Health. Detailed information is available here.

Selected publications from center members (2022-24)

Aronne LJ, Sattar N, Horn DB, et al. Continued Treatment With Tirzepatide for Maintenance of Weight Reduction in Adults With Obesity: The SURMOUNT-4 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. Published online December 11, 2023. doi:10.1001/jama.2023.24945

Sun et al. and Greenblatt, M.B. A vertebral skeletal stem cell lineage driving metastasis. Nature 621, 602–609 (2023)

Luo et al and Huangfu D, Beer MA. Dynamic network-guided CRISPRi screen identifies CTCF-loop-constrained nonlinear enhancer gene regulatory activity during cell state transitions. Nat Genet. 55(8):1336-1346 (2023)

Rubio-Navarro et al. and Lo, J.C. A beta cell subset with enhanced insulin secretion and glucose metabolism is reduced in type 2 diabetes. Nat Cell Biol (2023). 

Tang et al. and Chen, S. A multi-organoid platform identifies CIART as a key factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Nat Cell Biol 25, 381–389 (2023).

Yang et al, Schwartz RE, and Chen S. SARS-CoV-2 infection causes dopaminergic neuron senescence. Cell Stem Cell. 2024 Feb 1;31(2):196-211.e6.

Gomez-Salinero et al. and Rafii, S. Specification of fetal liver endothelial progenitors to functional zonated adult sinusoids requires c-Maf induction. Cell Stem Cell 29, 593-609 e597 (2022).

Gu et al. and Zhou, Q. SATB2 preserves colon stem cell identity and mediates ileum-colon conversion via enhancer remodeling. Cell Stem Cell 29, 101-115 e110 (2022).

Han et al. and Chen, S. A human iPSC-array-based GWAS identifies a virus susceptibility locus in the NDUFA4 gene and functional variants. Cell Stem Cell 29,1475-1490 e6 (2022).

Vandana, J. J., Lacko, L. A. and Chen, S. Expanding the precision oncology toolkit with micro-organospheres for early cancer diagnosis. Cell Stem Cell 29, 873-875 (2022).

Bhardwaj et al. and Brown, K.A. Obesity promotes breast epithelium DNA damage in women carrying a germline mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. Sci Transl Med 15, eade1857 (2023).

Sinha Gregory N, et al. and DCCT/EDIC Research Group. Diabetes Risk Factors and Bone Microarchitecture as Assessed by High-Resolution Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography in Adults With Long-Standing Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2023 Nov 29:dc230839. doi: 10.2337/dc23-0839. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38029518.

Murphy et al. and Apostolou E. 3D Enhancer-promoter networks provide predictive features for gene expression and coregulation in early embryonic lineages. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2023 Dec 5. doi: 10.1038/s41594-023-01130-4. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38053013.

Han et al. and Chen, S. SARS-CoV-2 Infection Induces Ferroptosis of Sinoatrial Node Pacemaker Cells. Circ Res 130, 963-977 (2022).

Sinha S, Hassan N, Schwartz RE. Organelle stress and alterations in inter-organelle crosstalk during liver fibrosis. Hepatology. ():10.1097/HEP.0000000000000012 (2023).

Stamateris RE, Landa-Galvan HV, Sharma RB, Darko C, Redmond D, Rane SG, Alonso LC. Noncanonical CDK4 signaling rescues diabetes in a mouse model by promoting β cell differentiation. J Clin Invest. 133(18):e166490 (2023)

Altorki et al, Elemento O, McGraw TE. Neoadjuvant durvalumab plus radiation versus durvalumab alone in stages I-III non-small cell lung cancer: survival outcomes and molecular correlates of a randomized phase II trial. Nat Commun. 2023 Dec 19;14(1):8435.

Queiroz et al. and Goncalves, MD. Blocking ActRIIB and restoring appetite reverses cachexia and improves survival in mice with lung cancer. Nat Commun 13, 4633 (2022)

Chong et al. Hao M, and Chen S. Checkpoint kinase 2 controls insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis. Nat Chem Biol. 2023 Nov 9. doi: 10.1038/s41589-023-01466-4. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37945898.

Zhang, Z. B., Sinha, J., Bahrami-Nejad, Z. and Teruel, M. N. The circadian clock mediates daily bursts of cell differentiation by periodically restricting cell-differentiation commitment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 119, e2204470119 (2022)

Gomez-Salinero et al. and Rafii S. Cooperative ETS Transcription Factors Enforce Adult Endothelial Cell Fate and Cardiovascular Homeostasis. Nat Cardiovasc Res. 882-899 (2022)

Sasset et al. and Di Lorenzo, A. Nogo-A reduces ceramide de novo biosynthesis to protect from heart failure. Cardiovasc Res 119(2):506-519 (2023) 

Lin et al. Schwartz RE, Ersoy BA, and Goncalves MD. Epinephrine inhibits PI3Kα via the Hippo kinases. Cell Rep. 42(12):113535, (2023)

Altorki et al. and McGraw, T. E. Global evolution of the tumor microenvironment associated with progression from preinvasive invasive to invasive human lung adenocarcinoma. Cell Rep 39, 110639 (2022).

Tholen et al. and Teruel, M. N. Flattening of circadian glucocorticoid oscillations drives acute hyperinsulinemia and adipocyte hypertrophy. Cell Rep 39, 111018 (2022).

Kudo et al. and Teruel MN. Context-dependent regulation of lipid accumulation in adipocytes by a HIF1α-PPARγ feedback network. Cell Syst. 2023 Dec 20;14(12):1074-1086.

Yammine et al., Goncalves MD, Lo JC, and McGraw TE. Spatiotemporal regulation of GIPR signaling impacts glucose homeostasis as revealed in studies of a common GIPR variant. Mol Metab. 2023 Dec;78:101831. 

Matsui et al. and Pitt, G. S. Increased Ca2+ influx through CaV1.2 drives aortic valve calcification. JCI Insight, 155569 (2022).

Letian et al. and McGraw TE. Proximity proteome mapping reveals PD-L1-dependent pathways disrupted by anti-PD-L1 antibody specifically in EGFR-mutant lung cancer cells. Cell Commun Signal. 21(1):58. (2023)

Hong et al. and Cho, S.J. The Role of Glutathione Reductase in Influenza Infection. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, doi:10.1165/rcmb.2021-0372OC (2022).

Krishnan et al. and Safford MM. Perspectives of Black Adults Living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease on Barriers to Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2023 Dec 11. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202304-342OC. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38079490.

Levitan et al. and Safford MM. Myocardial infarction and physical function: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke prospective cohort study. BMJ Public Health. 1(1):e000107. (2023)

Krishnan et al. and Safford MM. Perspectives of Black Adults Living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease on Barriers to Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2023 Dec 11.

Krishnan et al. and Safford, M.M. Race and Sex Differences in Mortality in Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc (2022).

Sosa, B. R., Wang, Z., Healey, J. H., Hameed, M. & Greenblatt, M. B. A Subset of Osteosarcoma Bears Markers of CXCL12-Abundant Reticular Cells. JBMR Plus 6, e10596, (2022).

Melis et al and Gudas LJ. Retinoic Acid Receptor β Loss in Hepatocytes Increases Steatosis and Elevates the Integrated Stress Response in Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease. Int J Mol Sci. 24(15):12035 (2023)

Langer et al. and Goncalves, M. Systemic Ketone Replacement Does Not Improve Survival or Cancer Cachexia in Mice With Lung Cancer. Front Oncol12, 903157 (2022).

Pinheiro, L. C., Reshetnyak, E., Akinyemiju, T., Phillips, E. & Safford, M. M. Social determinants of health and cancer mortality in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study. Cancer 128, 122-130 (2022).

Lucas E, Simmons O, Tchang B, Aronne L. Pharmacologic management of weight regain following bariatric surgery. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2023 Jan 9;13:1043595.

Ghazizadeh et al. and Chen, S. A dual SHOX2:GFP; MYH6:mCherry knockin hESC reporter line for derivation of human SAN-like cells. iScience 25, 104153 (2022).

Zhang et al. and Maxfield, F. R. Phosphatidylinositol phosphates modulate interactions between the StarD4 sterol trafficking protein and lipid membranes. J Biol Chem 298, 102058 (2022).

Khodneva et al. and Safford, M. M. Depressive Symptoms and Incident Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Findings From the REGARDS Study. J Am Heart Assoc 11, e022818 (2022).

Eljalby et al and Cohen P. Brown adipose tissue is not associated with cachexia or increased mortality in a retrospective study of patients with cancer. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 324(2):E144-E153 (2023)

Langer et al and Goncalves MD. The proteasome regulates body weight and systemic nutrient metabolism during fasting. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2023 Sep 6. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00069.2023. MID: 37672249.

Reading Turchioe et al. and Safford, M. M. Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Symptoms in the REGARDS Study. J Am Heart Assoc 11, e022921 (2022).

Morse et al. and Greenblatt MB. Development of Murine Anterior Interbody and Posterolateral Spinal Fusion Techniques. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2024 Jan 9. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.23.00690.

Sasset et al. and Di Lorenzo, A. S1P controls endothelial sphingolipid homeostasis via ORMDL. The FASEB Journal 36 (2022).

van der Mijn et al. and Gudas, L. Transcriptional and metabolic remodeling in clear cell renal cell carcinoma caused by ATF4 activation and the integrated stress response (ISR). Mol Carcinog, doi:10.1002/mc.23437 (2022).

Kubala et al. and Gudas LJ. NDUFA4L2 reduces mitochondrial respiration resulting in defective lysosomal trafficking in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Biol Ther. 2023 Dec 31;24(1):2170669

Yallowitz, AR, Shim J, Xu R, Greenblatt, MB, An angiogenic approach to osteoanabolic therapy targeting the SHN3-SLIT3 pathway, Bone 172, 2023, 116761

Kulm, S., Kofman, L., Mezey, J. & Elemento, O. Simple Linear Cancer Risk Prediction Models With Novel Features Outperform Complex Approaches. JCO Clin Cancer Inform 6, e2100166 (2022).

van der Mijn et al, Gudas LJ. Novel genetically engineered mouse models for clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Sci Rep. 2023 May 22;13(1):8246

Shukla et al and Aronne LJ. LBSUN307 A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Of The Food Order Behavioral Intervention In Prediabetes. J Endocr Soc. 2022 Nov 1;6(Suppl 1):A293. doi: 10.1210/jendso/bvac150.604. PMCID: PMC9629412.

Price et al. and Rafii, S. Angiopoietin 2 Is Associated with Vascular Necroptosis Induction in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Pathol (2022).

Ray et al. and McGraw TE. Regulated dynamic subcellular GLUT4 localization revealed by proximal proteome mapping in human muscle cells. J Cell Sci. 2023 Dec 1;136(23):jcs261454.

Pinheiro, L. C., Soroka, O., Kern, L. M., Leonard, J. P. & Safford, M. M. Racial Disparities in Diabetes-Related Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Among Cancer Survivors. JCO Oncol Pract, OP.21.00684 (2022).

Pinheiro, L. C., Soroka, O., Kern, L. M., Leonard, J. P. & Safford, M. M. Racial Disparities in Diabetes-Related Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Among Cancer Survivors. JCO Oncol Pract, OP2100684 (2022).

Tchang, B. G. et al. and Shukla, A. P. Weight Loss Outcomes With Telemedicine During COVID-19. Front Endocrinol  13, 793290 (2022).

Steinfeld N, Ma CJ, Maxfield FR. Signaling pathways regulating the extracellular digestion of lipoprotein aggregates by macrophages. Mol Biol Cell. 2024 Jan 1;35(1):ar5. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E23-06-0239. Epub 2023 Nov 1. PMID: 37910189.

Bram Y, Duan X, Nilsson-Payant BE, Chandar V, Wu H, Shore D, Fajardo A, Sinha S, Hassan N, Weinstein H, TenOever BR, Chen S, Schwartz RE. Dual-Reporter System for Real-Time Monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease Activity in Live Cells Enables Identification of an Allosteric Inhibition Path. ACS Bio Med Chem Au. 2022 Dec 21;2(6):627-641 (2022).

No et al. and Kumar S. Identifying High-Risk Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: An Opportunity for Intervention Within the Primary Care Setting. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2022 Oct 20. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36731002.

Choi JJ, Rosen MA, Shapiro MF, Safford MM. Towards diagnostic excellence on academic ward teams: building a conceptual model of team dynamics in the diagnostic process. Diagnosis (Berl). 2023 Aug 11. doi: 10.1515/dx-2023-0065. PMID: 37561698.

Qu, H., Shewchuk, R. M., Richman, J., Andreae, L. J. & Safford, M. M. Identifying Patient Profiles for Developing Tailored Diabetes Self-Management Interventions: A Latent Class Cluster Analysis. Risk Manag Healthc Policy 15 (2022).

Sosa et al. and Greenblatt MB. Capacity for large language model chatbots to aid in orthopedic management, research, and patient queries. J Orthop Res. 2024 Jan 21. doi: 10.1002/jor.25782. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38245845.

Pinheiro et al. and Safford, M. M. Managing diabetes during treatment for breast cancer: oncology and primary care providers' views on barriers and facilitators. Support Care Cancer 30, 6901-6908 (2022).

Blow et al. and Goncalves MD. Profiling of Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Depots in Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer Receiving Different Forms of Androgen Deprivation Therapy. Eur Urol Open Sci. 2023 Sep 22;57:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.euros.2023.09.004. PMID: 38020528; PMCID: PMC10658404.

Yao et al and Elemento O, Barnes J, Rameau A. A deep learning pipeline for automated classification of vocal fold polyps in flexible laryngoscopy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2023 Sep 11. doi: 10.1007/s00405-023-08190-8. PMID: 37695363.

Gutierrez I, Bryan J, Baquero E, Safford MM. The association between social functioning and health literacy among rural Southeastern African Americans with hypertension. Health Promot Int. 2023 Jun 1;38(3):daad023. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daad023. 

Tchang, B. G., Aras, M., Wu, A., Aronne, L. J. & Shukla, A. P. Long-term weight loss maintenance with obesity pharmacotherapy: A retrospective cohort study. Obes Sci Pract 8, 320-327 (2022).

Safford MM et al, The design and rationale of a multicenter real-world trial: The Southeastern Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control in the US Black Belt – Addressing the Triple Threat, Contemp. Clin. Trials 129, 2023, 107183

Gaglioti, A. H., Rivers, D., Ringel, J. B., Judd, S. & Safford, M. M. Individual and Neighborhood Influences on the Relationship Between Waist Circumference and Coronary Heart Disease in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study. Prev Chronic Dis 19, E20 (2022).

Bridge-Comer, P. E., Reilly, S. M. Measuring the Rate of Lipolysis in Ex vivo Murine Adipose Tissue and Primary Preadipocytes Differentiated In Vitro. J. Vis. Exp. (193), e65106, doi:10.3791/65106 (2023).

Finch et al. and Safford, M. M. Greater Social Functioning Associated With Lower Depressive Symptomatology Among Black Belt African Americans Enrolled in the Southeastern Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control Study. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 24, 21m02988 (2022).

Gu, W., Colarusso, J. L., Dame, M. K., Spence, J. R. & Zhou, Q. Rapid establishment of human colonic organoid knockout lines. STAR Protoc 3, 101308 (2022).

 

Upcoming center seminars

May 13, 2024 - Eileen White, PhD, Distinguished Professor, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry at Rutgers University. 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

Past seminars

April 8, 2024 - Joeva Barrow Ph.D., R.D., Assistant Professor, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University. "Targeting the NST Silencer AQP1 for the Treatment of Metabolic Disease." 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

March 25, 2024 - Alan Saltiel, PhD, Professor of Medicine, Director at UC San Diego Institute for Diabetes and Metabolic Health. "Regulation of energy homeostasis in metabolism." 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

December 11, 2023 - Shingo Kajimura, PhD, HHMI Investigator and Professor, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism at Harvard Medical School, “UCP1-independent mechanisms controlling energy balance” 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

November 13, 2023 - John Kirwan, PhD, Executive Director and George A. Bray, Jr. Endowed Super Chair in Nutrition, Pennington Biomedical Research Center. "Metabolic Diseases – Solutions from Cells to Society" 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

May 10, 2023 - Ira Goldberg, MD, Director, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Clarissa and Edgar Bronfman, Jr. Professor of Endocrinology, NYU Grossman School of Medicine. “Postprandial lipemia, chylomicrons, and CVD” 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302 

February 8, 2023 - Joseph T Bass, MD, PhD, Director, Center for Diabetes and Metabolism, Northwestern University. "The Circadian Basis for Bioenergetics in Meal Timing and Metabolism" 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 204

December 14, 2022 - Guy Rutter, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Montreal, Professor of Cell Biology at Imperial College London, and Wellcome Trust Investigator. “Pancreatic β cell heterogeneity and its role in diabetes” 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

November 9, 2022 - Utpal Pajvani, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Columbia University. “Metabolic and neoplastic consequences of reactivated developmental signaling pathways in obesity” 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

October 12, 2022 - Andrew Stewart, MD, Director of Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. “Human Beta Cell Regeneration for Diabetes: A Journey from Impossible to Possible” 2:00-3:00pm, Belfer 302

September 28, 2022 - Michelle Rengarajan, MD, PhD, Instructor in Endocrinology at Harvard Medical School and MGH. “Dissecting the cellular basis of autoimmune endocrinopathies”

September 14, 2022 - Tracy G. Anthony, PhD, Professor of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers. “Amino acid insufficiency in health and disease”

May 25, 2022 - Stuart Weisberg, M.D, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University. "Obesity primes human pancreas for inflammation via macrophage-T cell cross talk"

April 27, 2022 - Stephanie Correa, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Integrative Biology & Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles. "Integration of reproductive and metabolic cues by neural circuits that control energy balance"

April 13, 2022 - Jeffrey Pessin, Ph.D., Judy R. & Alfred A. Rosenberg Professorial Chair in Diabetes Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine. "Temporal and spatial cellular heterogeneity of hepatocyte metabolic gene expression"

March 30, 2022 - Jeffrey R. Millman, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Medicine and Biomedical Engineering, Washington University School of Medicine. "Enginneering islets from stem cells for diabetes cell replacement therapy"

March 2, 2022 - Susan K. Fried, Ph.D., Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. "Fat Distribution and Metabolic Health in Women and Men"

February 23, 2022 - Merly Vogt, Ph.D., Research Specialist, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University. "Insulin/IGF-1R signaling plays multiple roles in metabolic programming of future generations"

January 26, 2022 - Daniel Vatner, M.D., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine. "Role of the lipogenic master regulator in insulin resistant subjects"

January 12, 2022 - Rebecca A. Haeusler, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Pathology & Cell Biology, Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, Columbia University Medical Center. "Inter-organ crosstalk by lipoproteins and bile acids in cardiometabolic disease"

December 8, 2021 -  Seung Kim, M.D., Ph.D., Professor, Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Director, Stanford Diabetes Research Center. "The actual and the possible: islet replacement strategies for diabetes mellitus"

November 17, 2021 -  Richard Kibbey, M.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine. "How beta-cells work: Lessons from the Ox and Caterpillar"

October 27, 2021 - Sona Kang, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Nutritional Sciences & Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley. "DNA methylation machinery in adipose biology"

October 15, 2021 - Sander Kersten, Ph.D., Professor in Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics, Chair Division of Human Nutrition & Health, Wageningen University, the Netherlands. "Plasma triglyceride metabolism and diabetes"

September 22, 2021 - Keynote lecture at Center Kickoff. Domenico Accili, M.D., Russell Berrie Foundation Professor of Diabetes in Medicine, Chief of Endocrinology Division, Director of Diabetes Research Center, Columbia University, 2017 Banting Medal for Scientific Achievement, American Diabetes Association. "The ABCC of beta cell failure in diabetes"

 

Weill Cornell Medicine
Center for Metabolic Health
413 E 69th St, 6th Floor New York, NY 10021 Phone: (646) 962-6193